Familia: Theraphosidae Subfamilia: Theraphosinae Genus: Brachypelma Species: B. smithi. Name[edit]. Brachypelma smithi (F. O. P.-Cambridge, ). Familia: Theraphosidae Genera crustaceorum et insectorum secundum ordinem naturalem in familias disposita, iconibus exemplisque. Familia: Theraphosidae On the Brazilian Amazonian species of Acanthoscurria (Araneae: Theraphosidae) Zoologia (Curitiba) 31(1):

Author: Daizuru Mogal
Country: Liberia
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Love
Published (Last): 28 May 2011
Pages: 21
PDF File Size: 3.42 Mb
ePub File Size: 18.46 Mb
ISBN: 732-3-21515-296-3
Downloads: 60987
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Mazutilar

The presence of a tibial apophysis with a single branch bearing spiniform setae state 2, figs — is a condition widely distributed in Aviculariinae.

Desco-Derouet and Gros studied weight increase and linear growth of Avicularia avicularia and concluded that changes in these variables cannot be used to determine sex in juveniles. Its spermatheca has a short, well-sclerotized area that resembles the spermathecae of Avicularia purpureawith which it seems to be very closely related. Additionally, they can be distinguished from all these species by light brown spots extending from the dorsum to lateral thwraphosidae of abdomen Fig. Type II urticating setae: Thus, we consider Avicularia rapax Ausserer, a nomen dubium.

It is unclear why Lamarck did not use the pre-existent specific name avicularia instead of canceridea. The cases of unjustified emendations in scientific names dedicated to people, published because of sex or the number of dedicatees, in the family Theraphosidae were analyzed.

The original description Bauer stated he intended to deposit a female specimen at SMF as holotype, a slide prepared with spemathecae from an exuvia and a paratype male. He found first eight instars specimens predominantly between leaves of low-growing plants especially in Heliconia Linnaeusholding edges of leaves together with silk to create retreat.

Thus, The Linnean Plant Name Typification Project was created to choose theraphoxidae from the specimens and illustrations that Linnaeus used in arriving at his concept of a species in question The Linnean Society of London The unjustified emendations are considered available but permanently invalid as junior synonyms of the original names.


We consider a drastic change when legs, carapace, and abdomen change their color fammilia ontogeny. It can also be found in Caribena gen. Survey of invertebrates associated with bromeliads in a conservation unit of the Brazilian Atlantic rainforest, and its relevance for environmental risk studies. Specimens are usually found on human-made structures, such as on houses and other buildings Fig.

They use bark and organic debris to camouflage the partially exposed webbed retreat, which lies about 25 cm from soil Rick West, pers. Koch, nomen dubium ; Avicularia detrita C.

Theraphosa blondi – Wikispecies

However, therxphosidae the groove is discrete, hard to see, and consequently the prominence is weakly-developed Fig. Abdomen dorsum is bald. When mature, both males and females lose this pattern Figs — However, since we have only three immature females, it is not possible to state if that is a typical feature of the morphotype population.

Araneae, Theraphosidae, Theraphosinae du Mexique.

Map fqmilia records of Avicularia avicularia Linnaeus, morphotypes. Map showing records of Caribena gen. Figs—————, Koch, ; Theraphhosidae rapax Ausserer, ; and Avicularia tigrina Pocock, The syntypes are specimens of subfamily Aviculariinae because they have tarsi with well-developed scopulae, with a spatulated aspect Fig.

Large body parts as leg articles and carapace were measured with a digital Mitutoyo callipter with an error of 0. Thus, herein, we analyze cases of unjustified emendations in scientific names dedicated to people, published because of sex or the number of dedicatees, in the family Theraphosidae Arachnida: Females can be distinguished from those of Avicularia juruensis by the abdomen with vivid reddish brown guard-setae with pink sheen grouped on lateral and dorsal anterior areas, contrasting with the black short body setae and black hheraphosidae morphotype 1 Fig.

Despite females of Pachistopelma spp. For Piwe, concavities from 1 to 6 were used.

Brachypelma smithi

Thus, its taxonomic history is extensive. Three pairs of sigilla, some pairs sometimes not evident. Dorsal abdominal pattern, single dorsal stripe, male, occurrence: Males and females of Avicularia juruensis can be distinguished from Avicularia variegata fsmilia. Petrunkevitch mention that three females captured in Puerto Rico were found on retreats inside bromeliad leaves. Specimens used as outgroups are: InAusserer erected the new genus Homoeomma Ausserer, with a single species, Homoeomma versicolor Walckenaer, This idea was contradicted by West et al.


Granada Colombia, see discussion belowit is undoubtedly a specimen of Caribena versicolor comb. La subfamilia Ischnocolinae Araneae, Theraphosidae. We contacted the author and he said the types have never been deposited in any collection. They can also build retreats over larger tree bark Fig. Thus, it is not an Aviculariinae and, herein, we consider Ischnocolus doleschalli Ausserer, a nomen dubium.

Avicularia exilis holotype is clearly an Avicularia since it has well-developed scopula, anterior row of eyes procurved and tibial apophysis with a single branch having well-developed base and grouped theraphksidae setae distally.

Figs 1990— Smith a believe that Linnaeus used the engraving done by Merian for describing Aranea aviculariawhich was considered perfectly acceptable at that time. Cymbium subtriangular with subequal lobes, with well-developed rounded process on retrolateral lobe, bearing thick setae Fig. In other taxa, such as Typhochlaena costaeTyphochlaena curumim theraphozidae, Iridopelma spp.

Avicularia rufa – Wikispecies

Pickard-Cambridge stated a careful comparasion was needed of both forms to prove that there are more differences than just coloration.

Scopulae of tarsi and metatarsi I—II very extended laterally giving them a spatulate appearance Figs — Approximate distribution area of Aviculariinae. Legs and palps with long guard-setae having homogeneous coloration along its length Avicularia aviculariamost morphotypes; Avicularia juruensis morphotype 3, Avicularia purpureaAvicularia taunayi and Avicularia merianae sp. Males examined are not in good conditions but they do not seem to have white tipped setae on dorsal abdomen.